ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

ANT Lawyers

Vietnam Law Firm with English Speaking Lawyers

Chủ Nhật, 29 tháng 5, 2016

CONDITIONS FOR ESTABLISHING REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE IN VIETNAM

Decree No. 07/2016 / ND-CP regulating the Commercial Law regarding representative offices and branches of foreign traders in Vietnam that have recently been issued by the Government.


Accordingly, foreign traders can establish their representative offices and branches in Vietnam under Vietnam’s commitments in international treaties to which Vietnam is a member. A foreign trader cannot establish more than one representative office or branch with the same name within a province or city under central authority.
Foreign traders are licensed to establish representative offices when they meet five conditions:
– Foreign traders can establish and register for business in accordance with law of nation and territories participating in international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, or recognized by the law of those nations and territories.
– Foreign traders that have been in operation for at least one year from the date of establishment or registration.
– In case the certificate of business registration or papers with equivalent value of the foreign traders have prescribed the time limit for operation, then the duration must be at least 1 year from the date of submitting record.
– The operation of the representative office must match the commitment of Vietnam in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member.
– The case where the operation of the representative office is inconsistent with Vietnam’s commitments or foreign traders do not belong to any nations and territories participating in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, the establishment of representative offices must be approved by the Minister of specialized management.
The Decree also stipulates the conditions for foreign traders to be granted licenses to establish their branches. Specifically, foreign traders will be licensed for the establishment of branches when they meet 5 conditions:
– Foreign traders can establish and register for business in accordance with law of nation and territories participating in international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, or recognized by the law of those nations and territories.
– Foreign traders that have been in operation for at least five year from the date of establishment or registration.
– In case the certificate of business registration or papers with equivalent value of the foreign traders have prescribed the time limit for operation, then the duration must be at least 1 year from the date of submitting record.
– The operation of the branch office must be consistent with the market-opening commitments of Vietnam in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, and in line with the business lines of the foreign trader.
– If the content of the branch operation is inconsistent with Vietnam’s commitments or foreign traders do not belong to any nations and territories participating in the international treaties in which Vietnam is a member, the establishment of branches must be approved by the Minister of specialized management.
The license for the establishment of representative office and branch of foreign traders have a term of 5 years but does not exceed the remaining term of the certificate of business registration or papers of equivalent value of the foreign trader in the case that those papers contain provisions on the term.

BLOOMBERG: M&A IN 2016 IN VIETNAM WILL HIT RECORD

According to Bloomberg, the mergers and acquisitions activity (M&A) in Vietnam will hit record since the foreign investors are very interested in the consumer sector – which is developing very fast.


The Institute of Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances in Vietnam announced that the M&A activities related to Vietnam companies increased by 40% in 2015, reaching 4.3 billion USD and surpass the record of 4.2 billion USD in 2012.
Meanwhile, according to Baker & McKenzie and Duane Morris LLP,  M&A activities in Vietnam will grow strongly in 2016 after the implementation of free trade agreements (FTA) and the Investment Law is passed by the Government.
Foreign investors feel very exciting with the forecasted economic growth of 6.7% in 2016, the fastest growth in 9 years and the consumer market with 60% of customers are under 35 years old.
According to Bloomberg, Vietnam is having a lot of changes in the Law on Investment therefore the acquisition of companies in the country is took place faster and more transparent. Meanwhile, consumer spending also rose sharply. According to the forecast of Euromonitor, consumer spending will increase by 47% from now till 2019. Particularly the beer market will grow by 33% in the next period, reaching 4.8 billion liters, while the consumption of this product will decrease in Thailand. Moreover, the middle class in Vietnam will continue to expand their investment portfolio in the domestic market.
With these advantages, M&A activities in Vietnam in 2016 will be quite exciting. ANA Holdings Inc – owner of the Japan largest airlines has agreed to buy 8.8% stake in Vietnam Airlines with price of about 109 million USD. In March 2015, France’s Aeroports De Paris has expressed its intention to acquire stake in Airports Corporation of Vietnam.
In October 2015, the information about the divestment of the State at Vinamilk with 45% stake worth nearly 3 billion USD has led many foreign investors revealed their ambitions to buy the company with the largest listing in Vietnam market.
In late 2015, Boon Rawd Brewery Co., – the oldest brewing in Thailand has agreed to invest 1.1 billion VND in Masan Group – the biggest deal in the last 3 years in Vietnam.
Obviously, the investors who are interested in M&A in Vietnam are having a clearer path. With this trend, M&A will be more exciting in 2016.


If the Government continues to improve the investment environment then the foreign investment flows will continue to increase, especially in 2016 and 2017. Along with the advantages, Vietnam still has much to do to attract the flow of investment capital such as customs procedures, taxation and access to loans. The deeper and wider integration into the economy will offering Vietnam with more opportunities in M&A activity.

PATENT REGISTRATION PROCEDURES IN VIETNAM

ANT Lawyers is a patent law firm in Vietnam that can assist client in the patent registration process and other patent relating issues.

Time and procedures for patent registration:
+ The time for form evaluation: 01 months from the date of receipt;
+ The time to publish the application: 18 months from the priority date or the 2nd month after receiving the request for content evaluation;
+ The time for content evaluation: 12 months after receiving the request for content evaluation or the date of publication
+ The time for patent protection is 20 years, for the patent for utility solution is 10 years.
Profile includes:
+ Declaration (02 sheets according to form);
+ Description (02 sheets, including drawings, if any);
+ Request for protection (02 sheets);
+ Relevant documents (if any);
+ Receipt of fees and charges.
Patent registration requirements:
1.Organizations and individuals that meet the following conditions may register for patent:
+ The author created the patent by his efforts and expenses;
+ Organizations and individuals investing in fund and material for the author in the form of contract work, unless the parties have other agreements and that agreements are not contrary to the provisions of law;
+ The case that many organizations and individuals working together to create or invest to create the invention, that organizations and individuals all have the right to register for patent and the registration will be implemented only if all organizations and individuals agree;
+ The case that the invention was created by using the technical facilities and expenses from state budget:
+ The case that the invention was created on the basis of entire state investment funds and technical facilities, the patent registration right belongs to the State. Organizations and state agencies are empowered as investor, representing State to exercise the right to register for patent;
+ The case that the invention was created on the basis of State contributes capitals which are funds and technical facilities, part of the patent registration right corresponding to the proportion of capital contribution will belong to the State. Organizations and Government agencies that are representatives of the State capital will be responsible for implementing the State’s patent registration right;
+ The case that the invention was created on the basis of research and development collaboration between state organizations, agencies and other organizations, individuals, if the cooperation agreement has no other provisions, part of the patent registration right corresponding to the proportion of capital contribution will belong to the State. State organizations and agencies participating in the research and development process will be responsible for implementing the State’s patent registration right.
2. To be granted the patent registration, the applicant must meet the following requirements: new; creative and capable of industrial application.


3. To be granted the patent protection/utility solution, the applicant must meet the following requirements: new and capable of industrial application.

Thứ Sáu, 27 tháng 5, 2016

US INVESTORS SET UP BUSINESS IN HO CHI MINH CITY

United States (US) businesses are expecting to pour investment capital and set up business in Ho Chi Minh City(HCMC) in the near future, when Vietnam and the US are members of the Trans-Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP).

Statistics from the Department of Planning and Investment of HCMC showed that in 2015, the city has attracted 26 investment projects from the US with a total capital of approximately 135.4 million USD. In the first 2 months of 2016, the US has invested an additional of 4 new projects with total capitals of 1.56 million USD. It is forecasted that after TPP takes effect, the number will increase exponentially.
The industrial zones in HCMC are attracting the most investment within three years. Currently there are more than 300 projects worth more than 600 million USD. With the launching of TPP, the city hopes to receive a new wave of investment from US businesses. The efforts to reform the city’s administration procedures are creating favorable environment for US businesses to increases investment in HCMC.
According to the representative of the US Consulate in HCMC, diplomatic relation between Vietnam and the US is getting better, creating conditions and opportunities for US investors to come and set up business in HCMC. As recognized by the American Chamber of Commerce in Vietnam (Amcharm), businesses from the 2 countries feel very excited after exploring the investment environments of each other.
According to the Amcham’s representative, the promotion of the free trade agreements and especially TPP is bringing Vietnam and the US to the center of trade cooperation. It is reflected positively in 2015 with growth rate reached 45 billion USD in terms of sales, increased by 20% compared with 36 billion USD in 2013. Currently, Vietnam is also the leading countries in ASEAN on trade balance with the US when Vietnam accounting for 25% of export turnover of the area and this figure will continue to increase in 2020.
According to representatives of the Department of Planning – Investment in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam American investors to increase mainly in the field of real estate, banking, services, processing technology. This is a positive signal for bringing high-income jobs for local workers. The goal of the 2020 Vietnam brought exports to the US increased by 300 billion dollars.


According to representatives of the Department of Planning and Investment of Ho Chi Minh City, investment from the US to Vietnam increased mainly in the field of real estate, banking, services, processing technology. This is a positive signal because it brings high-income jobs for local workers. The goal of Vietnam is that till 2020, export turnover to the US will increase by 300 billion USD.

10 QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE SETTING-UP COMPANY IN VIETNAM

Foreigners are encouraged to make investment in Vietnam through direct investment by Setting up company in Vietnam.
However there are restrictions in some cases in regard to investment capital, investment area, special licenses required. The investor is suggested to consult with a law firm in Vietnam for advice and service offering.

Before setting up business in Vietnam, ask yourself the following questions:
1. Which business should I invest in Vietnam?
There are non-conditional investment areas and conditional investment areas.  Establishing company in the non-conditional investement areas are more simple than in conditional investment areas.  Investment in IT services, manufacturing, management consulting, business promotion are a few samples of non-conditional investment areas.  Example of conditional investment areas are real estate, tradingtravel agencies, freight forwarding…which are more complicated with investment conditions.  Investment conditions might also be changed over the time depending on the WTO commitments which Vietnam enters.
2. What should I name the business in Vietnam?
The company in Vietnam has to have Vietnamese name, and English name. The company could also have abbreviated name.  The name of the company in Vietnam indicates the structure of the company, the business lines, and the name that differentiate against other businesses.  For instance, the company could be named Alpha consulting limited liability company.
3. Where should I register the address of the business in Vietnam?
Not every address could be used to register a company.  The address has to be an address of a house with leasing agreement or office building which owner has license to operate as office building.
4. What is the legal structure of the company?
Depending on the number of investor contributing capital, company could be set-up as one member limited liability company or two ore more member limited liability company or joint stocks company.
5. How much capital is required to set-up a company in Vietnam?
The investment amount depends on the business plan and is subject to the approval of the provincial Department of Planning and Investment evaluating application dossier. In some business areas like real estate, banking and finance, minimum capital is required. In general for non-conditional investment area, the law does not specify the minimum capital to establish a company in Vietnam however the State agencies that evaluate investment plan could reject the investment project which are not feasible. Bank statement in foreign banks could be used to prove sufficient fund of investment capital.
6. Whom will be legal representative and work permit in Vietnam?
The investor will need to appoint the legal representative in Vietnam to oversee the business performance and take legal responsibility in Vietnam. If the legal representative is an expatriate, whom is a capital contributing member or owner of a limited liability company or a member of the Board of Management of a shareholding company which is registered to operate in Vietnam, he or she will be exempted from work permit in Vietnam. Otherwise, he or she will need to have a work permit to work in Vietnam legally.  The work permit holder would then apply for temporary residence card to live in Vietnam as long as the work permit allows.
7. How long does it take to set-up a company in Vietnam?
It depends on what type, scale, and whether or not conditions are required. For a simple minimum capital without conditions to set-up, it would take 30 working days. For setting up company in conditional investment areas i.e.  trading company in Vietnam, time would be lengthen due to the involvement of a number of State agencies approving the investment project and it would take 60 working days. For setting up company in other investments in areas requiring conditions to meet, time might be taken depending on the type of conditions and the government agencies evaluating the conditions of investment.
8. Whom will be granting the investment license in Vietnam?
For most of the investment projects, the provincial state agencies with the approval of the Department of Planning and Investment (DPI) will be granting the Investment Certificate in Vietnam. However, depending on the type, scale, and whether or not conditions are required, other Vietnam State agencies might be involved. For the case of trading company, ministry of trade and commerce, ministry of finance, provincial people’s committee will be reviewing the investment application dossier as well.
9. What are the tax liability in Vietnam?
Major taxes in Vietnam are corporate income tax, import and export tax, value added tax, and personal income tax in Vietnam. In some special areas, there are other taxes. The corporate income tax is currently at 22% and will reduce to 20% beginning 2016. Export is mostly encouraged as such the export tax is 0 however there are special cases when export tax is larger than 0. Import tax varies according to tariff. Value added tax is mostly at 10% however in some cases, VAT could be 5% or 0%. Personal Income tax varies according to income level and is applicable from VND 9,000,000 above.
10. What are mandatory reports submissions requirement in Vietnam?
Companies are required to keep accounting books, prepare and submit tax reports on monthly, quarterly and annually. Foreign companies are also required to have financial audit taken before the financial year end. The financial year in Vietnam is from January to December and the deadline to submit financial report is March 30th for the previous year. Other reports are required to be submitted at other State agencies.
At ANT Lawyers, a law firm in Vietnam with offices in Hanoi, Da Nang and Ho Chi Minh City, we are always capable to assist clients in licensing and post-licensing matters to help clients with all questions and services in setting up and maintaining the company in Vietnam. We could be reached at email: ant@antlawyers.vn or office tel: +848 35202779.

Thứ Tư, 25 tháng 5, 2016

SHIPPING AND MARITIME

Shipping and maritime lawyers in Vietnam may represent and defend the interests of commercial ship owners and charters involving the total spectrum of maritime casualties, accidents and disputes which may arise in reference to commercial ocean shipping.

Additionally shipping and maritime lawyers in Vietnam are frequently appointed by a broad vary of domestic and international marine insurance corporations directly or through our international partner law firms in UK, US and Australia to represent and defend the interests of their insureds in reference to casualties involving each commercial and recreational vessels.
When legal proceeding arises from a maritime casualty or dispute shipping and maritime lawyers in Vietnam commit the total range of the firm’s resources and therefore the intensive litigation expertise of our attorneys to attain the most effective potential outcome for the client. The attorneys additionally counsel ship owners, charters, marine insurers and clients on risk avoidance, regulative necessities and strategic legal solutions.
An overview of the a number of the kinds of maritime claims, casualties and transactions that admiralty and maritime lawyers regularly handle are as folllowing:
  • Casualty Defense, Investigation and Litigation
    • Collisions
    • Cargo damage
    • Personal injury and death (seamen, longshoremen and passengers)
    • Property damage
    • Product liability
    • Shipowner’s limitation of liability
  • Marine Liability Insurance
  • Disputes
    • Bills of Lading
    • Charter party disputes
    • Vessel mortgage foreclosure
    • Ship arrests
    • Ship collisions
    • Cargo claims
    • Cargo detention or seizure by Vietnam Authority
  • General Average and Salvage Claims
  • Vessel Regulatory Matters
    • Regulatory compliance
    • Civil fines and penalties
    • Security issues
  • Maritime Contracts
    • Contracts of affreightment, bills of lading and charter parties
    • Drafting and advice
  • Recreational Boating
    • Injuries and Property Damage
    • Product Liability
    • Sales and documentation
    • Subrogation
ANT Lawyers has law been partnering with a number of foreign law firms in advising clients in shipping and maritime in Vietnam.
Please contact us for inquiries through email ant@antlawyers.vn, call our office at +84 8 35202779, or talk to our partner directly at  + 84 912 817 823.
Let ANT Lawyers help your business in Vietnam.

WHAT ADMIRALTY AND MARITIME LEGAL MATTERS IN VIETNAM INVOLVE?

Admiralty and maritime lawyers in Vietnam may represent and defend the interests of commercial ship owners and charters involving the total spectrum of maritime casualties, accidents and disputes which may arise in reference to commercial ocean shipping.

Additionally admiralty and maritime lawyers in Vietnam are frequently appointed by a broad vary of domestic and international marine insurance corporations directly or through our international partner law firms in UK, US and Australia to represent and defend the interests of their insureds in reference to casualties involving each commercial and recreational vessels.
When legal proceeding arises from a maritime casualty or dispute admiralty and maraitime lawyers in Vietnam commit the total range of the firm’s resources and therefore the intensive litigation expertise of our attorneys to attain the most effective potential outcome for the client. The attorneys additionally counsel ship owners, charters, marine insurers and clients on risk avoidance, regulative necessities and strategic legal solutions.
An overview of the a number of the kinds of maritime claims, casualties and transactions that admiralty and maritime lawyers regularly handle is as folllowing:
  • Casualty Defense, Investigation and Litigation
    • Collisions
    • Cargo damage
    • Personal injury and death (seamen, longshoremen and passengers)
    • Property damage
    • Product liability
    • Shipowner’s limitation of liability
  • Marine Liability Insurance
  • Commercial Disputes
    • Bills of Lading
    • Charter party disputes
    • Vessel mortgage foreclosure
  • General Average and Salvage Claims
  • Vessel Regulatory Matters
    • Regulatory compliance
    • Civil fines and penalties
    • Security issues
  • Maritime Contracts
    • Contracts of affreightment, bills of lading and charter parties
    • Drafting and advice
  • Recreational Boating
    • Injuries and Property Damage
    • Product Liability
    • Sales and documentation
    • Subrogation
ANT Lawyers has law been partnering with a number of UK, US, and Australian law firms in advising clients in admiralty and maritime in Vietnam.

MARITIME INSURANCE: COMPLEXITY AND DISPUTES

In the insurance sector, the insurance of goods transported by sea is much more complex and causes most disputes in the process of claim settlement.
Marine  insurance  is  the  insurance  operations  related  to  the  operation  of  the ship, the  human or the  goods are transported on the sea or the  insurance operation risks at sea, on land, in river relating to sea voyage.

The import and export activities of Vietnam are growing strong in recent years. Therefore, the revenue from cargo insurance is growing well. Insured clients are companies export and import of goods, logistics companies, shipping companies, the investors and contractors of projects…
Risks for cargo insurance is not high, mainly are risks occurred during transportation.The  loss ratio of the market is quite low, which was 27% in 2012, 21.6% in 2013 were 21.6% (excluding the losses that are being resolved), with the causes mainly are deficiencies and damages in transportation process.
Understanding the principles of the compensation in maritime insurance will help us to limit the disputes.  When incident happen, insurance lawyers in shipping, transportation sector are always called in for advice and dispute resolution.