The new Investment Law 2014 announced by Vietnam Government on December 26th, 2014 has come into effect on July 1st, 2015. The new law introduces changes which include more opening policies for foreign investors to establish and set-up businesses in Vietnam.
What makes foreign investors hesitate to invest and set-up business in Vietnam? The administrative problems and lack of transparency; the inconsistencies in implementing the principle of freedom to do business.
Theoretically, the new Investment Law 2014 will resolve the above mentioned issues by offering a faster amendment mechanism on registering changes or issuing the new Business Registration Certificate or Investment Certificate. Generally, the process and procedures are expected to become more straightforward and convenient for foreign owned companies compared with 2005 Investment Law and the 2005 Enterprise Law by reducing the volume of paper and the administrative works.
In conclusion, the 2014 Investment Law will help clear up some of the confusions that accompanied the 2005 Investment Law and the 2005 Enterprise Law and their application, as well as ease and simplify the foreign investment process which, it is hoped, will promote business activities and investment into Vietnam. The investment of foreign investor into a Vietnamese company in certain situations would be treated in the same manner as a domestic investor that provides an opportunity to offer clients creative structuring solutions to facilitate investment in Vietnam.
ANT Lawyers is a Vietnam law firm with international standards, recognized byIFLR1000 on Financial and Corporate practice. We are an exclusive Vietnam member of Prae Legal, the global law firm network covering more than 150 jurisdictions. The firm provides a range of legal services as following to multinational and domestic clients.
Vietnam is known as a rich of natural resources country. The energy industry of Vietnam has developed for a number of years but the lack of modern technology and capital, that makes Vietnam has still stalled in this potential field. By the strength of resources, cheap labor, transport, Vietnam is attracting many foreign investors to invest in energy industry. Our energy and resources lawyers in Vietnam always monitor the legal environment and keep our client posted to changes that could impact their business.
In particular, Vietnam has considerable supplies of oil, natural gas and refineries. Proven oil reserves in Vietnam amount to 3.3 billion barrels as the second-most in Southeast Asia, after Indonesia. Revenues from oil and gas contribute about 30% of Vietnam’s GDP. Vietnam Oil and Gas Group (PetroVietnam), a state-owned company is eligible to conduct petroleum activities, sign cooperation contracts and govern petroleum industry in Vietnam.
For exploration and production, sea zones in Vietnam are divided into different geographic “blocks” based on the advice of Petro Vietnam. The size and scope of these blocks can vary from year to year, depending on the scale of the activities undertaken by the company currently assigned to it. According to Law on Petroleum 1993, amending in 2000 and 2008, to participate in this field, the investors have to join the bidding for researching and exploiting petroleum. In special case, the Vietnam Government may appoint the contractor to select investor wishing to engage in petroleum. Then the investor must enter into a dividing products or joint venture or other contract in which contents all terms as required by Article 15 (amended), managed by Vietnam Government. This contract’s term shall not exceed 25 years in which period of research and exploration not exceed 5 years. The duration may be extended 5 years for the contract and 2 year for period of research and exploration. In case projects encouraged to invest in petroleum and exploring natural gas, the term can be 30 years and 7 years for period of research and exploration.
Taxation for petroleum activities is based on type of natural resources exploited, economic, technical conditions of the mines, the amount produced. According to law on Petroleum and other provisions on taxation, natural resources tax rate is from 4% to 25% for crude oil, 0% to 10% for natural gas. To ensure the reserve aiming to domestic demand, Vietnam has regulated export rate for natural resources, especially tax rate at 20% for crude oil and coal. This regulation was implemented to encourage companies in Vietnam to refine crude oil in country as the new refineries come online.
Vietnam has more potential in petroleum and energy industry. ANT Lawyers research and advise clients in energy and resources regulations in Vietnam. Our relationship and collaboration with with international lawyers and law firms in different part of the world, especially major oil and energy production areas in the Middle East, former Soviet Union countries give us advantage in assisting international clients in the energy and resources legal matters. ANT Lawyers is the Vietnam exclusive member of Prae Legal, a globallaw firm networkwhich allow us to take on international projects.
ANT Lawyers is a Vietnam law firm with international standards, recognized by IFLR1000 on Financial and Corporate practice. We are an exclusive Vietnam member of Prae Legal, the global law firm network covering more than 150 jurisdictions. The firm provides a range of legal services as following to multinational and domestic clients.